Health Equity, is defined as the opportunity for everyone to attain his or her full health potential. No one is disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of his or her social determined circumstances. Health Equity is centered around equal access to quality education, healthcare, housing, transportation, and other resources. Equitable pay/income, equal opportunity for employment, and absence of discrimination based upon social status and other factors all contribute to an equitable health care system. How do we achieve health equity? According to the Health Equity Institute of San Francisco State University, to achieve health equity, we must eliminate avoidable health inequities and health disparities requiring short-and long-term actions, including:
- Attention to the root causes of health inequities and health disparities, specifically health determinants (https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Determinants-of-Health), a principal focus of Healthy People 2020. Particular attention to groups that have experienced major obstacles to health associated with socio-economic disadvantages and historical and contemporary injustices.
- Particular attention to groups that have experienced major obstacles to health associated with socio-economic disadvantages and historical and contemporary injustices.
- Promotion of equal opportunities for all people to be healthy and to seek the highest level of heath possible.
- Distribution of socio-economic resources needed to be healthy in a manner that progressively reduces health disparities and improves health for all.
- Continuous efforts to maintain a desired state of equity after avoidable health inequities and health disparities are eliminated.
Our aim here at Williams & Associates, Inc. is to address minority health disparities. The concepts of health equity and health disparity are inseparable in their practical implementation. Policies and practices aimed at promoting the goal of health equity will not immediately eliminate all health disparities, but they will provide a foundation for moving closer to that goal.