Risk Factors for Breast Cancer.
- Being overweight
- Eating high-fat foods
- Getting little or no exercise
- Family history
Many African Americans do not know:
- Some cancers can be prevented.
- Finding cancer early can lead to effective treatment.
- Cancer checkups and tests to find cancer early can save lives.
Women 40 and older should have:
- Mammogram & breast exam every year.
Women starting in their 20s should have:
- Breast exams every three years.
Diabetes is disease that causes high blood sugar.
Anyone—young or old — can get diabetes.
Risk Factors for diabetes includes:
- Family History
- In activity (No regular exercise)
- Over 45
- High blood pressure or cholesterol
- High blood sugar
Warning signs for diabetes may include; feeling tired, weight loss, increased urination, blurred vision, infection, increased thirst or hunger. Many people don’t have any signs
Mental illnesses are disorders of the brain that disrupt a person’s thinking, feelings, mood, ability to relate to others, and daily functioning. Mental illnesses can affect persons of any gender, age, race, religion, or socioeconomic status.
Risk factors for Mental Illness include:
- Being incarcerated
- Being in the foster care/child welfare system
- Exposure to violence
- Substance abuse
- Family history
Learn as much as you can about mental illnesses, mental health services, and the role of the family in treatment and recovery.
Get help when you, a family member, or friends have problems.
Risk Factors for Hepatitis C
- Unprotected sex—vaginal, oral, or anal— without a condom or other barrier.
- Sex with partner (s) who are infected or have high risk themselves.
- The presence of other sexually transmitted diseases.
- Sharing needles, personal hygiene equipment and/or not cleaning drug works.
- Been incarcerated.
- Got a tattoo or piercing at an unregulated facility.
- Injected illegal drugs.
- Worked in medical/dental facility with exposure to human blood.
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. This disease can result in death, if not treated early.
Get tested! And ask your partner (s) to do the same.
High Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood on the wall of the blood vessels.
Typical values for blood pressure of a resting, healthy adult are 120 mmHg systolic and 80 mmHg diastolic.
Normal ranges for adults are:
- Systolic between 90 and 135
- Diastolic between 50 and 90
Blood pressure exceeding normal values is called hypertension.
Blood pressure that is too low is known as hypotension.
Blood pressure is not static, but changes from one heartbeat to another or throughout the day; it also changes in response to stress, nutritional factors, drugs, or disease.
Depression hurts everyone!
If you or someone else has five or more of these signs for longer than two weeks you/they should seek help.
- Sad, anxious or empty mood, excessive crying
- Weight loss or weight gain
- Constant headaches or physical symptoms
- Irritability and restlessness
- Low energy, fatigue, feeling slow
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities, including sex
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions
- Thoughts of death or suicide
Depression can be treated.
Substance Abuse & Miss-use
The over use or abuse of alcohol or other drugs is called substance abuse. It is common, costly, and associated with many medical problems.
Drug addiction is a disease.
People who are addicted:
- Can’t stop using a drug even though it causes serious problems.
- Have very strong urges to use the drug.
- Can’t control the urge, even when using the drug causes trouble with family, friends, work, school, money, health or the law.
Most people need treatment to recover from addiction.